Depression in Nigeria has become some sort of silent killer, at some point, it became a trend, we see people rant about their depressed state of mind non social media and the next time we hear about them, they have taken their own lives.
What is Depression?
Depression is a disorder that is evidenced by overly excessive sadness, loss of interest in daily life activities, low motivation and chronic negative mindset.
In life, it normal to occasionally have feelings of sadness and pain towards certain adverse life happenings such As loss, stress, major life changes, pr disappointment but there are times you feel happy and want to enjoy life’s goodness and forget whatever sorrow you feel or have felt. This kind of sadness id not sign of depression, it is only normal.
Depression is common, it is a medical illness, it is a debilitating mood disorder that is been in out of every 10 women and 1 out of every 10 men. It is a mood disorder that often makes life less interesting and makes people dealing with in want to end their lives when it is at the severe stage.
Symptoms of Depression
The symptoms of depression can be psychological or physical and mostly both are usually seen.
- Loss of interest or pleasure in usual day to day lively activities.
- Feeling miserable. This misery varies in intensity and could last for weeks.
- Slowed or inefficient thinking with very poor concentration
- Withdrawal from close family and friends
- Suicidal thoughts. Thought that you are better off dead.
- Excessive loss of appetite and loss of weight
- Inability to get sleep despite feeling exhausted.
- Smashing headache and muscles pain.
- Loss of energy at all times despite not being physically active.
Causes of Depression
Depression can be caused by stress which can range from mild to severe, coupled with vulnerability or predisposition to depression that can result to genetic, psychological or biological factors. Depression sometimes can originate from adverse life dramas. Imagine a young studying so hard and graduates successfully from the university or any higher institution successfully but due the country’s economic situation he doesn’t get a job as he has dreamed while striving hard to study or the life he deserves, if such person should fall into a state of depression this kind of depression is psychological.
How to Deal with Depression
There are three primary ways to treat and get over depression;
- Community Support
- Psychological Therapy
Sometimes, in some cases these three options are recommended but when not severe, you can administer the treatments accordingly.
- Community Support :
This comes from family, friends and local religious communities. More church groups and community support organizations around the country are recognizing the importance of treating clinical depression and they are offering help in a variety of ways. The promising news is that most of these groups realize that treating depression is a delicate process; that is what has led to the inspiring the creation of a variety of support options.
- Psychological Therapy
Psychological therapy is something that should only be done by a licensed and trained professional. A professional therapist will work with the patient’s primary doctor to help uncover the reasons for depression and then determine the right course for treatment. Psychological therapy can be an extremely complicated process but it can get results that medication and community support cannot get.
Medication is necessary to address physical elements that cause depression. The term “chemical imbalance” is common and is an accurate representation of what depression medication attempts to do. Furthermore, there are common medications that doctors use to address certain types of depression as well as, there are other medications that help to enhance the anti-depressants and give the patient the clarity they need in order to get past the physical side of their condition. In many cases, the use of medication is coupled with community support and/or psychological therapy so that the best results can be attained.
In conclusion, depression is real and as a earlier said, a “silent killer”, there is need to help depressed people to able to speak out comfortably about their condition as well as, to seek the help they need in order to save them from losing their minds.